Are you a Sinner, Believer, Skeptic, or Mystic?

In the previous post I talked through M. Scott Peck’s 4 Stages of Spiritual Development. In this post I am going to talk about each Stage  from a Christian perspective and also talk about the progression from one to the other.


Life in Stage One

If we were to apply a title to Stage One from the Christian vernacular, the only word that fits is Sinner. In this stage we primary live for ourselves and do what is right in our own eyes without much thought to God or anyone else. Our lives are entirely self-centered, our relationships unstable and unhealthy, and our primary view of the world is that of competition for scarce resources. It is “us” against “them” and them is everyone else in the world.

Transitioning to Stage Two

Transitioning from Stage One to Stage Two often happens at a young age and is typically forced. After enough spankings, time outs, talks, or other consequences, the willful toddler realizes it is easier to obey their parents than fight them. As applied to God, the Sinner realizes that stubbornly going their own way works against their best interest. It is actually to their benefit to submit to God and Christ and begin following the commands and principles of Scripture. At this point, they transition to Stage Two and become Believers.

Life in Stage Two

Believers are model citizens and great people to have in Church. They listen, learn, and obey out of a sense of duty and obligation. They serve with great commitment, if not great passion, and tend to lose sight of themselves in their quest to be “good.” These people can best be described as “Religious” in the good and bad shades of meaning that word carries. They are typically hard working people who want to be good and believe that drawing closer to God consists of doing more good stuff and less bad stuff. They are typically concerned with Hell and Judgement and, being the good people that they are, they want everyone they care about to be saved. Unfortunately, this appeal often comes off as pushy and judgmental. There is an unavoidable sense of elitism in Believers, because, ultimately, they believe they know better than everyone else. They are, after all, in the “in” crowd of salvation, and everyone who isn’t a Believer is necessarily outside of that group. This “black and white” thinking is characteristic of Stage Two.

Transitioning to Stage Three

At some point, honest Believers come to realize that what they have been taught in Church doesn’t always line up with reality. They begin to realize there is a lot of prejudice and naiveté attached to church dogma and that their faith is no longer helping them navigate the world in an honest manner. It often feels like Believers have to choose between doing what is “right” and doing what “works”. People in late Stage Two tend to be very quiet Christians. They may or may not attend Church regularly, but they almost never talk about God outside of those walls. At some level they are deeply uncertain about the matters of faith they once deemed of utmost importance. They begin asking questions like: Does God really exist? Are my friends who aren’t Believers really going to Hell? Does ___________ behavior really mean that someone isn’t saved or isn’t going to Heaven? Is the Bible really true? What about science, or even other religions? Aren’t we all trying to live good lives?

     At some point, these late Stage Two Believers transition into Stage Three, Skepticism. This is often unsettling for the individual, their family, and their faith community. Many times this happens during the person’s 20’s and 30’s. Going a way to College is typically a huge factor for many people. After all, a College’s main function is to challenge our beliefs about the world and find out what is really true. Many people, placidly in Stage Two, have never had to defend or even think about their faith. And after being confronted with other ways of viewing the world, they slide out of their religious belief and into skepticism. 

Life in Stage Three (please see footnote at the end of this article)

It is important to reiterate that the transition to Stage Three represents spiritual growth. Now, that is not to say that a cocky, 20-something Skeptic is more mature or closer to God than an 84 year old Believer, but it is important to validate that losing your Religion (limiting Stage Two beliefs) is sometimes the best thing you can do. 

Many people get freaked out when someone moves from Stage Two into Stage Three, and for good reason. There is no reason to believe that someone in Stage Three would be saved if they died. They have, after all, walked away from Jesus, the Church, and everything else they formerly believed to be true. They are finding their own way now, discovering what they believe to be true about the world from first hand experience, not from a pulpit or religious text. 

Stage Three people are my favorite. After all, it was their honesty and integrity that brought them to this point. They couldn’t reconcile what they had learned about God with what they knew of the world, so they decided to take the courageous step of being true to their convictions and leave behind everything that was safe, comfortable, and familiar. They sacrificed relationships and community in their search for truth. I find that noble and encouraging. 

Many people, knowing what is at stake if they abandon Stage Two, never make the leap. They stay Believers, but are increasing bored and lukewarm. They move into a place where the treat the Gospel like fire insurance. They pay their dues in tithes and attendance in exchange for the certainty that they will go to Heaven when they die. That is a painful place to live.

But folks in Stage Three have burned their bridges and entered a whole new world. They are still looking for an ultimate authority to shape their view of the world, so they typically turn to science, mathematics, philosophy, and their own experience. They become Skeptics who must be convinced, debaters for whom each term must be precisely defined. They reject the notion of absolute or objective Truth in favor of Relativism. They place their own experiences and opinions on par with religion, because what is to say their insights aren’t just as profound? 

Eventually, true Stage Three Skeptics begin questioning the questions that led them into Stage Three in the first place. They begin to explore the idea of spirituality. They typically reject the idea of organized religion, but they begin to open themselves the notion of an impersonal God or Cosmic Force. They are no longer concerned with wether or not there is a Heaven or Hell, instead, they are looking for life and fulfillment.

People in late Stage Three tend to be those who describe themselves at “spiritual, but not religious.” They might dabble in several religions/philosophies or might have even concocted their own by drawing together the pieces of other religions they find appealing. At this point, they are open to the idea of a god, or at least some sort of energy that is beyond us, but haven’t settled on Christ. This is where God loves to show up.

Transitioning to Stage Four

The transition from late Stage Three to Stage Four often takes place during an encounter. They might be going for a walk in the mountains and then, bam!, they are having a vision of Jesus or feeling the manifest Presence of God. Or maybe it is a dream or angelic visitation. For C. S. Lewis it was a ride in the sidecar of his brother’s motorbike. Whatever the case may be, this experience proves to them the reality of a personal God and they begin seeking Him again. Almost always, this ends up with God leading them to the revelation that Jesus is the Christ.

Life in Stage Four

Stage Four people are known as Mystics. Like Believers, they believe in the existence of God, the Lordship of Jesus, the authority of the Bible, and the need for people to be in connection with God to experience all that life has to offer. Unlike Believers, Mystics don’t feel the need to push their beliefs and experiences onto others. Strangely, they might believe in Heaven and Hell more strongly than a Believer does, but they don’t feel the same sense of urgency. They have what some have called a holy indifference.

Mystics trust the timing and leadership of God. They trust that everyone is on a journey and that we only need to concern ourselves with living the life that is in front of us. Believers tend to interpret a Mystic’s trust in God and refusal to push their beliefs on others as being “wishy washy” or, horror of horrors, “liberal”. Believers are so caught up in the crusade of righteousness and conformity that they can’t comprehend something like Grace. 

Mystics are primarily concerned with pointing the arrow of their heart towards God, growing in love and connection with Him. They also have an interest in guiding others along the path of growth. Mystics see God in everything, and are continually awed by God’s glory and generosity. For a Mystic, there is no divide between sacred and secular. There is simply what is, and they know that God is in the midst of it. 

While many Mystics do come back to the Church, they never seem to fit in the way the Believers want them to. They aren’t as prone to spout Bible verses or argue about doctrine. This leads some to believe wether they are really saved. But Mystics don’t care. Their world is increasingly enriched by encounters with a Good God who is far more communicative than they had dared to hope. 

I don’t know wether or not being a Mystic is the last Stage or not. There might be many more. But for now, these Stages make sense for me and I hope they offer you some insight, clarity, and reassurance as well. 

Cheers to being on a journey my friends!     labyrinth1.jpg


Life in Stage Three is complex and varied. There are a huge number of ways people can go Stage Three. The emotional range can vary from anger to sadness to joy to disappointment. The beliefs of Stage Three can range from atheism to agnosticism to other religions to remaining Christian. The presentation of Stage Three in this article is a stereotype that most Christians in Stage Two have of people who go Stage Three. 

The 4 Stages of Spiritual Development

The journey towards spiritual maturity has several different stages. Each stages has its own benefits and drawbacks and transitioning from one stage to another is difficult, often requiring a lot of spiritual, emotional, cognitive, and relational work. But for anyone following Jesus, it is important that we understand the landscape of spirituality so that we can better know how to progress from one stage to another, and not get too freaked out when someone goes to Stage 3.

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M. Scott Peck is the psychologist who developed the Four Stage Theory of Spiritual Development. Peck was a clinical psychologist who observed a number of contradictory things in his clients. Among them was the observation that some of his client’s mental and physical health improved dramatically when they left organized religion while others only improved after finding a deeper sense of spirituality. In order to reconcile these seemingly opposite growth patterns, Peck developed the 4 Stage Theory.

The 4 Stages of Spiritual Development

The following definitions are drawing from M. Scott Peck’s Wikipedia page. 

  • Stage One is chaotic, disordered, and reckless. Very young children are in Stage I. They tend to defy and disobey, and are unwilling to accept a will greater than their own. They are extremely egoistic and lack empathy for others. Many criminals are people who have never grown out of Stage I.
  • Stage Two is the stage at which a person has blind faith in authority figures and sees the world as divided simply into good and evil, right and wrong, us and them. Once children learn to obey their parents and other authority figures, often out of fear or shame, they reach Stage II. Many so-called religious people are essentially Stage II people, in the sense that they have blind faith in God, and do not question His existence. With blind faith comes humility and a willingness to obey and serve. The majority of good, law-abiding citizens never move out of Stage II.
  • Stage Three is the stage of scientific skepticism and questioning. A Stage III person does not accept things on faith but only accepts them if convinced logically. Many people working in scientific and technological research are in Stage III. They often reject the existence of spiritual or supernatural forces since these are difficult to measure or prove scientifically. Those who do retain their spiritual beliefs, move away from the simple, official doctrines of fundamentalism.
  • Stage Four is the stage where an individual starts enjoying the mystery and beauty of nature and existence. While retaining skepticism, he starts perceiving grand patterns in nature and develops a deeper understanding of good and evil, forgiveness and mercy, compassion and love. His religiousness and spirituality differ significantly from that of a Stage II person, in the sense that he does not accept things through blind faith or out of fear, but does so because of genuine belief, and he does not judge people harshly or seek to inflict punishment on them for their transgressions. This is the stage of loving others as yourself, losing your attachment to your ego, and forgiving your enemies. Stage IV people are labeled as Mystics.

Peck didn’t write for a Christian audience, so in another post I will adapt his Stages to the Christian journey. Nonetheless, I believe Peck has a lot to offer us on our journey of connecting with God and becoming more like Christ

Assuming you buy into Peck’s theory, where would you place yourself in his Stages?

Strengths of Peas and Pumpkins

This post is a continuation of last week’s musing on the cultural DNA of people and congregations. Just to bring everyone up to speed, I’m defining “Pea” and “Pumpkin” as follows:


Pea – a person or congregation that primarily values deep friendship; high levels of involvement and commitment; and structural freedom under the leadership of Holy Spirit.

Pumpkin – a person or congregation that primarily values technical excellence; cultural and/or institutional change; and meeting people where they are in order to shepherd them.


Because of the immense value placed on relational connectivity, Peas congregations tend to be small. This means that everyone needs to pull their own weight (financially, volunteering, pitching in) or else the congregation cannot sustain itself. Therefore, the people that gravitate to and remain in Pea congregations enjoy having a place where they can offer what they have. Peas also tend to have a very concentrated culture which the congregation loves, but that visitors/outsiders may or may not resonate with. Typically, if an outsider is going to “hook up” with the congregation, it means they are going to adjust themselves to the group, rather than the other way around.

On the other hand, Pumpkin congregations tend to be large because they do certain things very well. They are essentially the McDonalds of Christianity. (I mean that in the best way possible.) What I mean by that is this. No matter where you are in the world, if you step into a McDonalds, you know basically what to expect. It is going to be clean, friendly and the kids will have a place to play. The food will be just what you expect — nothing crazy. Pumpkins excel at franchising because a large percentage of the population expects certain things from the Church and Pumpkins deliver. This allows the Pumpkins to live out their primary desire — cultural/institutional change. Because they have such a large group of people gathered together around a central purpose, it is easy for Pumpkins to mobilize people for change.


Implicit in the descriptions above are certain strengths and weaknesses. Because I am heavily biased towards being a Pea, it is easy for me to see the strengths of Peas and the weaknesses of Pumpkins. HOWEVER, I’ve come to realize that both are needed in order to advance the Good News of the Risen and Returning King Jesus. Just as the Navy SEALS and the Army are on the same team, so are we. We each hold down different positions, but the fact remains — we need each other.

I’m only going to cover the Strengths of each type of congregation today, mostly because I’d like us to focus on celebrating what is RIGHT about each design. We can focus on the weaknesses of each model a different time.

Peas – Peas excel at unpacking people’s potential. In a small group devoted to relational connection it is almost impossible to hide. Eventually, someone is going to ask what you are passionate about, what you have to offer. Then, in a healthy Pea community, someone is going to find you a place to display your gifts. Because the bonds of the community are love and relationship, it is OK if your passion doesn’t display a high level of excellence immediately. Because people see your heart and love you for who you are, Pea congregations allow people to develop their gifts. Peas are wonderful starting places.

Peas also specialize in mobilizing people around a specific mission. Being small, the overhead costs are low and a significant percentage of resources can be directed towards doing the thing God has called that group of people to do. There tends to be very little internal politicking and backbiting because each member of the pod (see what I did there?) has a high level of operating autonomy — they have the freedom AND responsibility AND authority they need to do what they think is best for their situation.

Boiling this down, Peas excel at loving and developing individuals and getting them to live out their God given design by providing opportunities to serve.

Pumpkins – Pumpkins inspire people in ways that Peas do not. There is something about gathering together with a huge group of people to worship God that moves the human heart. Because Pumpkins tend to rely on a small staff of highly skilled professionals, the general experience of the congregation is that of rest and refreshment. In a Pea, you will likely be serving in some capacity on Sunday morning. However, in a Pumpkin, you can rest. You can serve if you want, but typically there are loads of people already in place.

Because Pumpkins are large enough to have multiple people on staff, they also offer specialist positions. This means that the children will likely have a Pastor whose full-time  job is to nurture and develop them. It also means that other niche ministries will be available — Divorce Care, AA, Celebrate Recovery, Living Waters, etc. Each of these niches, overseen by a professional, will operate smoothly with a high degree of excellence.

Pumpkins excel at culturalizing new believers. If someone is new to following Jesus and goes to a Pumpkin church, it is very easy for them to establish a whole new rhythm of life. Church on Sunday, Bible Study on Tuesday, Youth Group on Wednesday, Men’s Group on Saturday… It is sort of like how AA requires people to go to 90 meetings in 90 days – they are trying to develop of new way of interacting with people and meeting needs.

To recap, Pumpkins do a great job of inspiring and mobilizing people. They provide a number of different ministries to meet different needs and each one is done well. Pumpkins provide a place to rest and receive and also to serve when the time is right.

That is all I have for now. Thanks for reading friends.


Pea or Pumpkin?


Pictured above is the world’s largest pumpkin at 2,624 pounds. I can’t imagine the effort that went in to growing something that large. The amount of fertilizer, space, and forethought needed to grow something to that size and transport it to a competition blows my mind.

Now the question. If given the same amount of fertilizer and attention, would a pea plant produce a pea of equal size?

The answer, of course, is no. Peas are genetically programmed to grow more vine and make more pods when extra resources are available, whereas a pumpkin will continue to grow as long as it is attached.

While an interesting biological phenomenon, it gets even more fascinating when we cross domains and start applying the same concept to the Church.

Some congregations are Pumpkins. Some congregations are Peas. Each person is wired to prefer and function best in one environment or the other. Neither is better than the other, but if you are a Pea in a Pumpkin congregation you will never feel at home. At best you will find your own Pea community within the larger congregation and do your thing. At worst you will criticize the fact that resources seem to be constantly expanded to make larger facilities and grow the Sunday morning service instead of being invested in outreach, evangelism and spiritual formation.

Likewise, if you are a Pumpkin in a Pea congregation, you will be chomping at the bit to grow. You will never understand why the Pastor tamps down your big ideas or how people can be content to sit and talk to the same group of people each week and sit through a mediocre service.

While I am a Pea to my core, I’ve not always realized it. Like most Peas caught up in a Pumpkin culture that glorifies size and spectacle, I bought in to the idea that healthy things grow. What I wasn’t aware of was that this Pumpkin-proverb was only half true. Yes, healthy things grow, but only according to a set point determined by their genetics.

My son will likely be a tall man. At this stage in his life, his health is measured by his growth. But he will reach a threshold in adolescence where he achieves full stature. At that point, his health is no longer correlated with his height. Any attempt to gain more height after that point will be futile, if not dangerous.

Scroll back up and look at that pumpkin. It is huge. Would you call it healthy? Would you call it beautiful?

I wouldn’t. I’d say it was forced to grow beyond its limits. It even started to collapse under its own weight. I’d say that was a good thing taken to a twisted extreme.

That pumpkins are bigger than peas is a good thing. The reverse is true as well.

My next post will look at the strengths, weaknesses and challenges of each model. Until then, thanks for reading friend.


Discipline Versus Willpower

At the turn of the year I was the heaviest I’d ever been. Looking at myself in the mirror and my son next to me, I knew I needed to change – for his sake and mine. I knew I needed more than a diet. I knew I needed an overhaul of my life’s systems. I knew I needed to become a different person on the inside in order to look different on the outside. Thus began a systematic upgrading of my habits.

For instance, I’ve never eaten much for breakfast. Coffee has been about it. That works for some people, but it left me vulnerable to snacking in mid-morning and eating junk food for the rest of the day. Rather than look for the “perfect” breakfast, I simply decided to start eating food that I knew I could eat every day: sausage egg bake, coffee, powdered greens, and fish oil. I worked to make that automatic, and now it is.

I also knew that I needed to have food on hand that would make my food choices easy. Having soup for lunch in the winter time simplified things. However, making two egg bakes and a batch of soup a week required planning and cooking in advance. Thus the creation of a new system – prepping food on Sunday afternoons after church.

I’ve also added in working out and getting up earlier in the morning to the mix. Progress has been steady, but I’m more pleased at my consistency with my new habits. As much as I like goals, systems are more important.

This focus on systems has made a significant difference in my life. I don’t feel the need to step on the scale every day in order to get a self-esteem boost because I’m focused on lifestyle change rather than bodyweight. I’m more focused on becoming a better person than I am on achieving certain short term goals. Trusting a process rather than pursuing goals is new territory for me. I like it.

I’ve been ruminating on the ideas of discipline and willpower for a little while. Here are some thoughts I hope will interest you.

Discipline is the ability to submit current desires to future goals. Discipline is the ability to sacrifice short term comfort for long term reward. Discipline is a lifestyle, not a resource.

Willpower is the ability to make yourself do something you don’t want to do. Willpower is a finite resource that is drained throughout the day by every decision we make. Willpower, while important, is fallible and should not be relied upon in order to live the life you want to live.

Discipline is sustained through a combination of habits, routines, and structures. While willpower is often needed to get these systems up and running, they are intended to transition to autopilot fairly quickly. Discipline is the systematic upgrading of our habits, routines, and structures and results in an increased quality of life.

I like who I am when I am living a disciplined life. I don’t like who I am when I just go with the flow. I enjoy making myself do something that I have decided is good for me. I like leading myself through conscious decisions rather than through spontaneous desire.

If 50% of my behavior is going to be on autopilot, then I want to ensure that those habits are as good as they can be. I want to leverage my brain’s laziness to my advantage. I want to have systems in place that allow me to be excellent by providing a solid foundation of nutrition, health, and energy. I’m far from perfect in this regard, but I plan on updating this thread throughout the year in order to share what I’ve learned.

Thanks for reading friends.


Doing Good While Doing Well

Hello everyone! Happy New Year!

I’m kicking things off with a bang this year and announcing my first book, Doing Good While Doing Well: Where Faith and Finance Meet. It is FREE in the Kindle Bookstore until Thursday, January 5 at 6:00pm CST. I’ve been working on this for the last month and a half and it has been a whirlwind. Today, I’m going to focus on explaining the book a little bit, and the next couple days I will focus on my process. My goal is to inspire anyone out there who has a goal of writing a book to do it, this year.

What the book is about

This book started as a compilation of notes for my congregation’s financial sermon series, which we do every January. It then morphed into an ebook after a friend of mine turned me on to the Self Publishing School (more on them later). I was so inspired by their material I decided to give it a go.

DGWDW is comprised of two parts: Theology and Praxis. In the Theology section I explore some of Jesus’ teachings about money. It was really important to me to cover both the positive and negative teachings on money because it seems that, all too often, we gravitate towards one side or the other. I chose to follow in the Vineyard tradition of pursuing “the radical middle,” so both viewpoints in tension throughout the book.

The Theology section can be summed up in the following sentences. Money is a form of power. How we use and think about money reveals our character. The best use of money is to help those that are in need. Large amounts of money threaten to distort our view of ourselves, other people, and other people’s motives. Therefore, we must always strive to find our security, significance, and self-worth in God rather than money. Handling money well grows in us certain skill sets and mind sets that are valuable and necessary in God’s Kingdom.

The Praxis section is where we get into the gritty details of money management. We begin with an overview of cash flow adapted from Robert Kiyosaki’s book Rich Dad, Poor Dad and then build upon that framework. I offer some financial goals to pursue as well as a plan for getting there. The section called “Clarity” helps you explore your reasons for pursuing wealth and clarify your actual goals and desires. I end with a step-by-step guide to putting the whole book into practice.

What I hope will happen

As a pastor, the number one thing I see holding people back from extravagant devotion to God is money. People can’t go into missions because of student loans. People can’t start a business because they don’t have the resources. People don’t give to the causes they care about because they don’t have any money leftover.

My hope is that, by putting the ideas expressed in my book into practice, those limiting factors will go away. My hope is that people will get a firm hold on their finances and be able to quickly divorce their income from their labor so that they can do the things God has called them to do. But, ultimately, my hope is that people will embrace the call to discipleship I articulate in the book.

I almost named this book The Crucible of Wealth because I am so enamored with how God uses money to refine and reveal our character. Becoming wealthy is a challenge and it often reveals our prejudices and insecurities. When we are able to address those facets of sin head on, in partnership with Holy Spirit, wonderful things take place. In the grand scheme of things, money is insignificant. However, the things we do with money are eternally significant. Every time a dollar comes into our possession we have an opportunity to grow and mature. I find that endlessly exciting.

I hope you benefit from reading my book. If you do, would you please let me know? I’d love to compile your thoughts and comments so that I can continue to refine my message and help people in the future.

As always, thanks for reading.


P.S. In case you missed the bolded words above, my book is FREE until Thursday, January 5 @ 6:oopm CST. Grab your free copy here.

The Holiday Slow Down


“I think [you] need [to do] a sermon or blog on HOW TO SLOW DOWN for Advent.  I heard you describe Advent as the time we slow down to remember Jesus’s first coming and I feel a smirk form on my face.  Because it is ironic that the holidays and December is THE busiest time of year!  SLOW DOWN??? Ha!”

I got this text message from a friend of mine this morning. Not only did it make me bust up laughing, it also got me thinking – this is the busiest time of year for most of us, and sometimes the most depressing. We always have such high hopes for spending time with our family, savoring the candlelight and special moments… and by the time Christmas is over we’re saying “Thank God that is done with for another year!” Most of us want to slow down for the Holidays, but life rarely accommodates those desires. In this post I’ll offer a few thoughts on the matter.

Life will never slow down, you have to make the time

First, and most important, is the realization that there will never be an opportune time to slow down. Sure, back in the day when everyone was dependent upon daylight and warm temperatures to work we were able to take the Winter off for the most part, but that is no longer the case. While we, as humans, were designed to thrive in seasonal ebb and flow, that is not the world we live in, unless we choose to. Just like working out, or any other Important But Not Urgent activity, slowing down is something you have to schedule in. It is a huge pain in the butt to start, but once you’re in the routine it is hard to imagine how you ever functioned without it.

Silence is Sacred

If you really want to slow down your life enough to savor the season and become a new person, you are going to have to find time for silence – alone or as a family. As the father to a toddler who likes to be up early, I have two options if I want Silence. I can either turn on Daniel Tiger and take a 20 minute break in the dining room or I can wait until after he is in bed. Most recently, the late in the evening quiet time is working for me.

Silence, for me, is reminiscent of Genesis 1. The world was formless, silent, void – and into that silence God spoke a new creation. If we want to hear God’s voice, and if we want to be continuously remade, we need to be silent, there isn’t another way around it.

Intentional Disruptions

The whole point of the Liturgical calendar is to intentionally disrupt our day-to-day lives and restructure our worldview around the Truths of God’s Word. Advent is the time where we remember Jesus’s first coming and anticipate his return. It is the time where we meditate on deep and somber Truths – that humanity was (and still is) enslaved to sin and unable to free itself, therefore God had to send his Son Jesus to die our death so that we could live his life. We remember that the religious and political structures of the day were opposed to this Christ child and wanted to murder him to protect their power. We exult in God’s love expressed in Jesus and we take time to ponder Jesus’s return.

Advent and the other Church seasons are intended to help us understand our lives through the lens of Redemptive History, rather than through the lens of human progress. (Indeed, most saints throughout history are appalled at how little humans have changed – our external circumstances have certainly progressed, but our hearts have not.) Included in the process of disrupting our lives and reinterpreting our history is the use of ritual and symbol.

Create Rituals for your family

I was tempted to write that heading as “Create meaningful rituals for your family,” but rituals are, by their very nature, meaningful and symbolic. Perhaps the most common ritual in Advent is the Advent wreath. It can be a beautiful ritual for your family, or for your own devotion. Simply light the designated number of candles, read some Scripture out loud and spend time thinking about it or talking about it as you watch the flames dance. It is amazing how Holy Spirit brings things to our attention when we let our minds wander during devotions. You might be reminded of a broken relationship and feel prompted to fix it, you might think of someone you haven’t talked to for awhile and feel prompted to reach out… or you might remember that the laundry is in the wash and you’d better flip it or else it will start stinking.

Don’t be afraid to start rituals by yourself. Remember my toddler who I sent away to watch Daniel Tiger? What if he came out to the dining room while I had my candles lit and my Bible out? Well, I’m sure he’d ask me what I was doing and then I’d have the opportunity to tell him about Jesus and what the Advent season is really about. I’m sure he wouldn’t get it and that I’d have to let him blow out the candles, but I think it is powerfully formative for our kids to “catch us” doing our own private devotions. The more meaningful, enjoyable and symbolic we can make our rituals the better.

Your attention is precious

While I firmly believe that our time is our most precious resource, having time without attention is pretty worthless. Ever been at work and know you have projects to do, but you just can’t get your brain to click into gear? I have! And the thing that gets my brain back into gear? Cleaning my office. When I have crap all over my desk, piles of papers and receipts and all manner of coffee cups, I can’t focus – but as soon as everything is cleared off my brain unlocks and I can move on with my day.

The same is true in our homes – there are so many things we want to do, but we get so distracted that we can’t really focus. I’m definitely an advocate for a minimalist lifestyle, but I know that isn’t for anyone. Just know that the more stuff you have around you, the more potential for distractions. So if your true intent is to get closer to God this Advent season, it may be worthwhile to put some of the “stuff” in the garage. Who knows, you may even find that you function just as well without it.

The whole point of this section on attention is to highlight the fact that we have a limited ability to focus. This means that we need to prioritize what gets our attention. A dinging phone is expertly designed to grab your attention, which is probably why it needs to be put on silent and in another room if you want to really read, focus and think.

Revamping your lifestyle

Prioritizing friendship with God has caused me to redesign my lifestyle. For instance, my wife and I don’t have the internet in our home, we also don’t have cable or satellite television. We try to limit our son’s screen time as well as our own. We have one day a week where we try to take a tech sabbath, turning off our phones and even leaving them at home. We build into our weekly and monthly schedules time to be with God.

I need those kinds of disciplines, I also want them. Because I only have one kid, I don’t really know the pressure that comes with having more, so please take that into consideration, but please don’t make it an excuse.

Well, there you have it. If you really want to slow down, you have to acknowledge that life isn’t going to slow down for you, you have to make it happen by cutting out other things. And, once you’ve made the time, the strategic use of silence, meditation, ritual and decluttering will go a long way towards slowing down your life. Prioritizing a friendship with Jesus has a pretty big spillover effect, so don’t be surprised if you want to stay in this lower gear even after the Holidays have ended. And that brings me to my last point…

Our tendency as human beings is to complicate and over commit. It takes work to keep things simple and provide ample margins in our day for the things we deem most important. But as much work as it is to declutter and have firm boundaries, it is even more work to go without that kind of structure. You are going to have stress, you are going to have to exert effort, so do you want to do it in a proactive way that puts you in control of your schedule and relationships or do you want to experience life in a reactive way where it seems like you are never in control and always at the mercy of other people’s schedules? What I have found is that when I own the responsibility to manage my time and I schedule in my Important But Not Urgent activities I have more time and compassion to help other people.

I hope this helps you slow down this Holiday season. Let me know if you put anything into practice and how it helps. I’d also love to hear what you do to slow down for the Holidays.

As always, thanks for reading!


Thoughts on Sex

I attended a meeting last week with a group of fellow Vineyard Pastors and one of the things we discussed was singleness — particularly how to honor that in our churches. After all, Jesus was single, so one can clearly be Godly even if one isn’t married. Same thing with Paul. In fact, the Church has a pretty great history of championing singleness as a viable, even desirable, lifestyle. But that is a topic for another day.

What I want to talk about today is sex. Particularly, I want to meditate on some passages in Genesis and point out how those passages can apply to our sexuality in the Church today. I want to put two texts (Genesis 1 and Genesis 4) side by side and observe a few things. Just so we are all on the same page, here are the texts in question.

Genesis 1:27-28

So God created man in his own image,
    in the image of God he created him;
    male and female he created them.

 And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

Genesis 4:1

Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain

If you’ll allow a slightly crass paraphrase, right after God creates humanity, he tells them to have sex. Why, then, does Adam not have sex with Eve until after the Fall? Genesis 4 starts with the word “now” as in “now, after all these things”. What the heck? Adam is married to the most beautiful woman on the planet, the most beautiful woman who has ever lived (who also happens to be completely naked), and they don’t get frisky for three chapters? What gives? I feel like we are missing some pretty important pieces of the puzzle. I also think that sex may not be as important/essential as we all seem to think it is.

Does anyone else think it strange that the biological desire to reproduce is the last function to develop in human beings and the first to go? For instance, take our other biological desires/necessities — air, water, food, sleep. Those things are with us for life. Indeed, if deprived of them for an extended period of time we die. Not true with sex. One can live a long, happy and fulfilled life without ever having sex though our Western culture would scream to the contrary.

Let’s circle back to our story in Genesis. First, how cool is it that God’s first command to Adam and Eve was to have sex? I don’t know about you, but my experience in church has been that sex shouldn’t be talked about much and that it is kind of dirty, taboo. We know people do it, but we don’t want to think about it, hear about it or see any evidence of it until there is a baby bump. I don’t think the Puritans did us any favors in this department. But the Truth is that we have a God who loves, even celebrates, sex (see the end of Song of Solomon if you’d like additional biblical evidence). Sex isn’t dirty or taboo, it isn’t even an uncomfortable subject in the Bible. I think that can free us to talk differently about sex in our churches.

But what really fascinates me is the fact that Adam and Eve waited so long to get together. Now, we don’t know how much time elapsed between the end of Genesis 1 and the beginning of Genesis 4, but I think we can assume there were at least two or three days — long enough in  my book! So what’s the deal? Adam and Eve are in paradise, naked, they have no obligations except to tend to the Garden and exercise their dominion over creation, and they take a walk with God every evening — sounds like an ideal setting. I think that is the point. Adam and Eve were doing what they were created to do and were in right relationship with God and one another. They were intimate and loving in nonsexual ways so sex wasn’t really on their minds all that much. It was only after the Fall, after they felt the chasm of relational distance between themselves and God and between one another that they finally turned to sex as a means of trying to bridge the gap. Quite literally, Adam got inside Eve and he still wasn’t as close to her as when they were working side by side in the Garden. That breaks my heart. I’ve always taken the verse “It’s not good for man to be alone” to mean that a man needs a wife (i.e. someone to have sex with). I’m not sure that is what it means at all. I think that verse means we need companions, people to help us in our pilgrimage through life, not sex buddies or friends with benefits.

My heart really gravitates towards this idea of companionship, of friendship between men and women that is intimate and nonsexual. I also know that, historically, this hasn’t worked out well in general society. And so I’m caught in the “now and not yet” of God’s Kingdom.

A few closing thoughts:

  1. This story of Adam and Eve challenges my beliefs about modesty and holiness, especially taking every thought captive. Adam was able to behold a beautiful woman totally naked in paradise and his first thought wasn’t to jump her bones — that same ability is in my DNA. Are we as men really so far gone, really so fragile, that we need to clothe women head to toe in burkas in order to control our sexual desires? If so, what does that say about us as men? What does that say about our relationship with God?
  2. The intimacy I long for comes primarily from nonsexual sources.
  3. Multiplying ourselves is a biblical command, and for Adam and Eve it certainly meant having sex. That isn’t true today. Jesus is arguably the most “multiplied” person on the planet and it had nothing to do with having sex and everything to do with investing his life in others.
  4. Single people may have the potential to influence greater numbers of people than married people. They may be especially suited for work in ministry.
  5. Being married is great. Being single is great. There isn’t any need to push people one way or another. Single people aren’t deficient in any way (it may be that married people are).

Well, I think I’ll wrap things up here. Thanks for reading friends and, as always, I’d love to hear your thoughts.


Navigating Love and Holiness

I’ve been thinking about the parable of the Good Samaritan lately. I’m sure you’re familiar with it, but in case you need a refresher, here it is.

Jesus tells a story of a Jewish man who is on his way down the mountain from Jerusalem when he is ambushed by a band of thieves. They beat him, steal his goods and leave him for dead. Sometime later, a priest comes by and seeing the body from a distance, crosses over to the other side. So to a Levite (one of the workers in the Temple) comes along, sees the man’s body lying alongside the road, and crosses over to the other side. Lastly, a Samaritan, comes along, takes pity on the man and cares for him. He provides first aid to the injured man, transports him to the hospital and even agrees to pay for his hospital bill.  Jesus points out that the Samaritan was the neighbor while the religious people were not.

Here is an interesting piece, according to the Law found in Leviticus 21:1, The Lord commanded Moses to “Speak to the priests…and say to them, ‘A priest must not make himself ceremonially unclean for any of his people who die…'” (emphasis mine). Also, in Numbers 19:11 it reads, “Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days.” I bring this up because it adds some really interesting complexity to Jesus’s otherwise straightforward parable.

If the priest and the Levite suspected the man lying alongside the road was dead, then they were required, by Law, to pass by. The priest was forbidden from defiling himself for anyone who wasn’t family and the Levite, assuming he had to work in the Temple the next day, couldn’t defile himself and still be allowed in the Temple. So this begs the question, “why did Jesus choose these two people as the characters in his story?”

The context to this parable is Jesus being questioned by an expert in the Law. This expert wants to know what he needs to do in order to inherit eternal life. Jesus asks him what the most important commands are. The expert replies, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.'” This is, of course, the correct answer — the man knows his stuff. But theory is one thing, practical application is another, so the man asks, “Who is my neighbor?” Jesus responds with the parable above and then asks, “Who was a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?” The expert agrees — it was the Samaritan.

Jesus’s parable puts the expert in a double bind by pitting the Law against itself. On one hand is the command to love, on the other is the command to be holy. In order to fulfill the most important commands of Scripture (to love) the expert would have to break lesser commands (holiness). He would need to break the Law in order to fulfill the Law. Either way he plays it, he is still a lawbreaker. On one hand he breaks the Law to love if he does not help someone in need. On the other hand, he breaks the laws of holiness if he embraces the radical notions of Neighbor Jesus puts forth in his parable. If what Jesus says is true, then he is a lawbreaker no matter what he does and that means he is disqualified from inheriting (earning) eternal life. I find that to be a fascinating predicament Jesus puts the expert in. I find it fascinating because it has such direct import to our current political situation in the United States.

One side of our political system leans heavy on loving people, sometimes at the expense of moral standards (Biblically speaking). The other side leans more towards holiness and morality, sometimes at the expense of helping people who really need it. Which side is correct?

If the parable of the Good Samaritan were all we had to work with, I think it would be easy — err on the side of love. Mercy triumphs over judgement. But this isn’t the only teaching of Jesus we have. We also have the time when Jesus was brought a woman caught in the act of adultery. In this instance, Jesus does indeed break the Law in order to fulfill the Law. By Law he was required to stone an adulteress and by Law he required to love that woman as he loved himself. Jesus chose to show mercy and not stone the woman to death, but he doesn’t leave the issue of holiness unaddressed. His parting words are “Go and sin no more.”

Holiness is important to God, we are to be holy because He is holy. We can’t get rid of the commands to be holy, to have high moral standards, and neither can we fail to love. So what do we do? The following three principles help me to navigate this complex issue.

  1. I try to continually expand my definition of neighbor. The Parable of the Good Samaritan shows me that my neighbors are people who don’t look like me, don’t talk like me, believe differently than I do, don’t live in my geographic area, are from different socio-economic backgrounds and might otherwise hate me in another circumstance. In other words, there is no one on this planet I am not called to love. I must use that Truth to constantly fight my own fear, prejudice, ignorance and indifference. Unless I am continually growing in my love for humanity I am not fulfilling the royal Law of Love.
  2. Lead with Kindness and Mercy. We are all in process and it is OK to admit that. Because of Holy Spirit’s work in us, we are being transformed into the image and likeness of God. God willing, the things which entangled me yesterday will have less power over me today and no power tomorrow. No one needs to be perfect before I extend to them the love, mercy and grace of Jesus Christ. I wasn’t perfect when he first offered those things to me and I’m still not perfect even though I’ve been saturated with them every day for the last 20 years. But I trust that God will finish what he started — in me and in you. He isn’t a God of half measures, He won’t give up until we are glorious and Good.
  3. The Doctor’s Orders are for our benefit. God is not a buzzkill who enjoys rules for their own sake. Everything God commands us to do is for our benefit. Because I believe that Jesus really does want what is best for me and those around me, I have no problems trying to follow those orders and convincing others to do the same. Holiness is not a constraining and joyless pursuit — on the contrary — it is a necessary ingredient for abundant, overflowing and joyful living. Whenever possible I think we should advocate for people to live according to the Book. It isn’t necessary to understand, it is only necessary to believe it will work for our good.

We’re not going to do this perfectly, this dance of obedience. But fortunately for us we don’t have to. Unlike the expert in the Law who was trying to do everything perfectly so that God was obligated to save him, our salvation is a gift. It wasn’t given because we were deserving and it won’t be taken away because we are undeserving. The gift of our salvation gives us freedom to learn, grow, make mistakes and learn to do better. We are learning to love and follow the lead of our Savior — we’ll be clunky at first and will get better over time. Very rarely will we ever encounter a situation where we have to choose either love or holiness because Jesus, through the power of the Spirit and in accordance with the heart of our Father, creates a new option — that loving people is what brings them to holiness and purifies us as well.

My Critique of Christian Republicanism

The History of this Article

I began writing this piece shortly after the Primary races began. It started as a piece I hoped would spark dialogue between my Republican friends and I, but because I am slow to marshall thoughts, and even slower to share them, this article quickly lost relevance to the event which first inspired it. I kept it in the queue, thinking I’d roll it out in four years as a timely piece before the next round of circus.

Then I read this article by Wayne Grudem and it suddenly became relevant again. Now, you have to understand, Mr. Grudem has been highly influential in my life. His book, Systematic Theology, has been informative and inspirational and almost convinced me to pursue a Doctorate in Systematic Theology. So my first inclination, after reading an article which sickened and angered me, was to check myself. Was I mistaken? Would Hilary really be as bad as he prophesys? Can we really make the leap to saying that voting for any Democrat in any election is an immoral choice?

I don’t think so. In fact, in his article, Mr. Grudem exemplifies the sort of Nationalistic Christianity that caused me to write this article initially. I’m heartened by the number of responses to Mr. Grudem’s article by people of my generation (Millennials) because they have been kind, considerate and respectfully defiant. We are carving out new ways of understanding how our faith interacts with politics — and I’m thrilled. This will likely put us at odds with older generations of Believers, but that doesn’t mean we love Jesus (or our moms and dads) any less. We are just insisting that loving Jesus does not also mean we need to love Republicanism.

The Purpose of this Article

I wrote this article with the hope of making people think about their faith in God, their understanding of the Bible and how those two things interact with their political inclinations and the issues in our world. I’m troubled at how easily people on either side of the aisle claim to follow Christ and yet their opinions and legislative decisions rarely align with the Christian faith. More troublesome is the commingling of the words Christian and Republican, as though the two were one and the same. Therefore, into the cess pool of political opinion on the Internet, I respectfully submit my thoughts.

The Political Nature of the Gospel

The Gospel is political, there is no getting around it. When Mark the Evangelist first penned the words, “The Gospel of Jesus Christ,” there was already a Gospel in circulation, the Gospel of Tiberius Caesar, son of the gods. Mark’s assertion was that there was a new Emperor who actually was the Son of God and Mark wrote about his exploits. This Good News was a direct threat to the existing government and much of the persecution of early Christians was due to the political nature of their message. If the Gospel no longer threatens, critiques or corrects the worldly political system, then it is no longer the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

In many ways we find ourselves in the place of Joshua in Joshua 5. Joshua has just finished praying and he looks up to see an angel standing before him with his sword drawn. Joshua gets up, goes to the angel and says, “Are you for us or our enemies?” The angel replies, “Neither. I am the commander of the armies of the Lord.” In essence, the angel asked Joshua, “Who’s side are YOU on?” Oftentimes we think there are only two sides to an issue and we are relatively certain God sides with us. Yet it is often the case that God has his own side and we must make the choice to align with him.

My goal in this article is to explore that third way of God, the one that is greater and more comprehensive than either the Republicans or Democrats can understand. I will fall far short of doing it proper justice, but if I can start a respectful and thoughtful discussion than all of the labor that went into the writing of this piece will be worth it.

My Background

I was raised in a Republican home. I think I’ve maintained a good portion of my conservative values while still being able to acknowledge that there are important things besides fiscal responsibility and the sanctity of life. Because of my upbringing, I have a fondness for the Republican party that I don’t have for the Democratic one. In an interesting emotional and theological twist, that fondness compels me to be a fierce critic of the GOP, especially the wing that identifies itself as Conservative, Evangelical Christian. Because I am more familiar with the Republican mindset and ideals, the bulk of this article will be addressed to them. It is my hope that a more Democratically aligned Christian will offer a similar critique of that party. I do hope that you will be patient and at least attempt to understand my arguments wherever you fall along the political spectrum. Additionally, I’d love for you to leave your corrections and comments below.

The Issues

  • Abortion – I think the basic thinking on this issue is solid. Life is precious, sacred. According to the Gospel of Luke, John the Baptizer was able to recognize the life of Jesus (who was little more than a zygote at the time) when he was 6 months in the womb. It is amazing that a child, 6 months in utero, would have that kind of discernment. Even more amazing is that he was able to recognize the personhood and divine nature of Jesus who was less than 3 weeks old. To be “Pro Life” is to be “for life” in all of its stages. Republicans need to up their game dramatically when it comes to caring for teenage moms, single parents, foster parents and children, adoptive families and families with lots of kids. It is unethical and immoral to guilt someone into carrying a child full term and then effectively abandon them once the child is born.
  • Death Penalty – Again, to be “Pro Life” is to be “for life” in every regard. State sanctioned murder is still murder. Furthermore, the sentence over some of these people is questionable at best. Can we really claim to represent the One who said, “the Son of Man did not come to destroy life, but to bring life to the earth” (Luke 9:55) and kill the innocent? Isn’t it better to leave that level of judgment in the hands of God? Do we need violent criminals off the streets? Absolutely. But it is best to remember that “an eye for an eye” makes the whole world blind.
  • The Environment – This is also an issue of life – the life of the planet. We claim that God created the air we breath, the water we drink and the ground we stand upon. Doesn’t that make those things sacred? Can we really claim to love God and desire to be good stewards of all he has given us and defile the planet at the same time? I’m not even going to touch the issue of climate change because it is a tertiary issue. I think many of us are living in denial about what really happens to the junk we put in the trash can — where do we think that goes? As we continue to uncover how harmful plastics are to human health, do we not think that those same chemicals will harm the lives of other things on this planet or the planet itself? Yes, we believe in a new creation – a new heaven and new earth – but there is also the principle of being faithful with what you’ve been given so that you can be entrusted with more and better things. After all, doesn’t the Bible say that the Earth waits in eager expectation  for the children of God to be revealed so that it will be liberated from its bondage to decay? (It does, see Romans 8:19-21) That means your status as a child of God will, in part, be measured by the amount of freedom and health you bring to this planet.
  • Guns and the Second Amendment – I get it — guns don’t kill people, people kill people and guns are just a tool. And yet this tool has one intended purpose, to fling a piece of lead at high velocity into flesh, be it human or animal, in order to injure or kill. The purpose of this tool is to kill and the only time it does “good” is when it kills bad people. Killing bad people is still killing. Jesus did command his disciples to arm themselves in Luke 22:36-38, but when they tried to use their swords, Jesus rebuked them and undid the damage they caused. Jesus never taught his disciples when it was appropriate to use violence and we don’t see the Apostles carrying weapons at any other point in the New Testament. In fact, they quite readily offered themselves up to be beaten, even martyred. Throughout the world, unarmed and powerless Christians are changing the world in the face of great persecution and yet the Church thrives. They walk in a level of authority we can’t comprehend in the West and they do it through pacifism. Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a Lutheran pastor committed to pacifism in Nazi Germany. After much internal struggle, Bonhoeffer eventually decided to participate in a plot to assassinate Hitler. He failed, however, and the surge of confidence this failed attempt gave to Hitler had catastrophic results. I do think there are times when bad men need to die, but I’m not certain any of us have the wisdom to know when that is and what the repercussions may be. The best we can do is act on what seems best to us and trust in a Merciful God. On the whole, however, guns seem quite unnecessary for civilians.
  • Sanctity of Marriage – What are we really trying to protect in our legislative efforts to define marriage as “between one man and one woman”? Are we really trying to protect the sanctity of marriage or are we trying to protect our right to file taxes jointly and be privy to our partner’s medical information? If we were really trying to protect the sanctity of marriage, shouldn’t we also limit people to just being married once? We would probably be best served by rewriting our nation’s laws concerning marriage. Marriage is a religious institution with intense spiritual repercussions — it isn’t an issue the government has any jurisdiction over (remember Braveheart?). If two people choose to merge their lives through a governmental procedure so that they can file taxes together and get some other benefits, can we really say no to that? What Christians insist on is a spiritual truth — that marriage is sacred and strictly defined and that anyone who doesn’t treat it that was hurts themselves in the short term and long term, but can we really legislate that? Just as the government should have no say in who can get married in a church, the church should not have a say in who gets married in the government. (Separation of church and state is kind of our big idea in America.)
  • Caring for the hungry, thirsty, immigrants, the poor, the sick and those in prison – Sorry for the giant, run on category, but these things all fit together in God’s Book. Take the case of Matthew 25:31-46, the parable of the Sheep and the Goats. The Sheep are those who will enter into Life in the Kingdom of God and the Goats are those who will be punished for eternity – what distinguishes the two groups? How they treated the people mentioned above. Look, Biblically speaking, to reject immigrants is to reject Christ. To deny the sick access to healthcare is to make Jesus suffer. To refuse to care for the hungry, the thirsty and the poor is to refuse to care for Christ. Not devoting time, energy and resources to rehabilitate and free those in prison means that God won’t do that for you (“forgive us as we forgive…”). As individuals, it is impossible to do all those things, but not for a group. Until the Conservative Evangelical wing of the Republican party pushes for these things to be major agenda items, the Republican party cannot claim to have the moral high ground and cannot claim to represent Christ.
  • Taxes – Flat taxes across the board seem to be the standard Biblical procedure. The Temple Tax was the same fee for every person, no matter their income and the tithe is 10% wether you make $50,000 or $500,000. However, Jesus also says that “Everyone to whom much was given, of him much will be required.” God expects those who have been blessed with wealth will use it to bless others.
  • Military Spending – I get that we, as a nation, need an army. But can we Christians at least acknowledge our hypocrisy? It is hard to justify a national army when Jesus said to turn the other cheek. We spend an enormous amount of money on our military, almost beyond comprehension. Why? The majority of the nations that could potentially pose a threat to us are already allies and we have plenty of guns. Can we cut back on some of that spending and use some of it to help the people that hate us? Then, maybe, they wouldn’t hate us so much and we could cut back some more in a few years. Also, can we redirect that funding to take better care of our soldiers and their families? If someone is going to put their life on the line for me, whether I want them to or not, they deserve to be well taken care of.
  • America is a Christian Nation – Can we please drop this rhetoric? America is not a Christian nation and never has been. At least, I pray to God it isn’t and has never been. The United States was indeed founded by many Christians, but were we representing Christ when we massacred indigenous peoples and stole their land? Or were we living out the command to love our neighbor as ourselves when we forcibly removed hundreds of thousands of people from their countries and forced them into slave labor and subjected them to humiliating forms of abuse and poverty? What about when we repressed and belittled women even though there is clear and compelling Biblical evidence of women in leadership in the Bible? What about when we prohibited the sale of alcohol in this country in clear contradiction of Scripture? Jesus blessed the drinking of wine, he made it a Sacrament for crying out loud. It is our uncomfortable reality that the times of greatest church attendance in our nation have coincided with the greatest amounts of racism, sexism, bigotry, violence and hypocrisy. If that is what it means to be a Christian nation then I want none of it.

The real difficulty is that Christianity was never intended to be a ruling religion. We have always been at our best under the pressure of persecution, exerting our influence and the Kingdom of God as salt, light and leaven. When Constantine made Christianity an official religion in the Roman Empire it was hailed as a major victory by the Church. But only because they were deceived into thinking they could make the kingdom of this world into the Kingdom of Our God by political maneuvering and military might. Until Jesus returns there can and will be no Christian nation. That doesn’t mean we don’t try to make the world better. It just means we do what we can to represent God well and that we shouldn’t overstep our bounds and go beyond what is written in the Word about the Kingdom of God on the Earth. Last time I checked, Israel was the only nation God had covenanted with in the Bible. He agreed to preserve them and he has, but they are the only ones who can claim divine support.

  • Israel – Speaking of Israel, let’s not confuse our support of the Jewish people with the support of the Israeli government – they are not the same. The Israeli government has some real problems they need to answer for. We must creatively support the Jewish people and God’s intentions while also holding the Israeli government to high moral standards, or at least the ones we read in the Bible.
  • Racism –  When I first wrote this article I had thought the tide was turning, that white Christians were beginning to see how racist our systems, structures and institutions were. I no longer think that. Instead I hope and pray that God will soften our hearts and allow us to bear the burden our black brothers and sisters have carried for so long.  As a white male, I could very easily ignore this issue and carry on with my life with no problems. But as a Christian, racism is a forced issue. Jesus is a Jew and the Lamb that was Slain purchased people for God from every nation, tribe and tongue. Our Father has decided that he wants a large, ethnically diverse family and he paid a high price to secure it. Now he commands us to “love one another”. As long as walls of hostility and racism stand we can never represent the heart of God in its fullness.

Closing Thoughts

As long as this article is, it represents just the tip of the iceberg. There is much more to be said on each item I addressed and far more items besides those listed here. My hope is that my thoughts sparked something within you and I would love to know what it is. I hardly believe this is the final word on each of these topics and I’d love to hear your thoughts. Thanks for taking the time to read this. If you felt it was helpful, please consider sharing it with others who might appreciate it.